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introduction to the book of philippians

Paul presented them as a model of giving (2 Co. 8:1-5). Characters), The Net Pastor’s Journal, Eng Ed, Issue 37, Fall 2020. “If this is a correct assumption it could apply only to a trial from which no appeal could be made. Our view is based on a 51 CE date for Gallio’s proconsulship to begin, the supposition of two Roman imprisonments (which even Philippians supports), and, among other things, a short stay (three sabbaths) of Paul in Thessalonica. Paul was a prisoner under house arrest for at least two years (Acts 28:30), 3. Although the Christian life is often portrayed as a fight, it first must be conceived as an act of worship. The style and language show themselves to be Pauline: a. The implication, if this is part of Paul’s argument, is that God will exalt believers who also humble themselves. In other words, all other available internal evidence is at the very least compatible with a Roman imprisonment as the context for Philippians.”9. This “furious opposition” was in the form of the Judaizers, who mounted a campaign of their own—one which was intent on destroying the credibility of Paul and his gospel.

xi, 3, appears to be a citation from 2 Thess. If Paul were in prison in Ephesus, there would be no problem with the number of communications. To bring the church up to date on the news about himself--his present situation and future prospects (1:12-26; 2:24), C. To address problems of infighting in the church over personal differences (1:27; 2:2-4,16; 4:1-2), D. To honor Epaphroditus who had brought a gift from the Philippians to Paul (4:18), served Paul (2:25) was ill (2:27), but now was returning with the letter to the Philippians as one honored by Paul (2:25-30). 13Some argue for a date of 60-62 CE (based, in part, on Gallio’s proconsulship beginning in 52 instead of 51); others argue for a 62-64 CE date, supposing this to be the only Roman imprisonment. The picture of Paul in Philippians coincides with other sources like Acts and Galatians: c. Naming of friends and coworkers (2:19-24), d. Referring to gifts sent to him from Philippi to Thessalonica and elsewhere (4:15,16; cf. Hence arise his admonitions against disputings ( Philippians 1:27 ; Philippians 2:1-4 Philippians 2:12 Philippians 2:14 ; 4:2, The OBJECT of the Epistle is general: not only to thank the Philippians for their contribution sent by Epaphroditus, who was now in returning to take back the apostle's letter, but to express his Christian love and sympathy, and to exhort them to a life consonant with that of Christ, and to warn them against existing dissensions and future possible assaults of Judaizers from without. of 2:19-30), B. Then he weaves an early Christian hymn (which they probably had sung many times) into the fabric of his argument. Perhaps Epaphroditus had brought news of the Judaizers, or else Paul was simply writing a preemptive warning. And in the reconstruction of most scholars, Paul had been in prison for some time. (2) Caution against Judaizing teachers, supported by reference to his own former and present feeling towards Jewish legalism ( Philippians 3:1-21 (3) Admonitions to individuals, and to the Church in general, thanks for their seasonable aid, and concluding benedictions and salutations ( Philippians 4:1-23. (, Concluding Encouragement and Thanksgiving (. 8:1-5). 19Phil. 1:25 at this time, or else he intentionally appealed to Caesar for the sake of the gospel, knowing that it might cost him his life—in which case he would have even less reason to be confident of his release. The section on obedience interposed between the Carmen Christi and the news about Timothy and Epaphroditus is therefore no accident: Paul does not want them to grumble about Epaphroditus’ return (and Timothy’s retention), but to recognize that both men are following Christ’s example of humble service.

Instead, he decided to send Epaphroditus back (Phil. INTRODUCTION . There was no synagogue, but merely a Jewish Proseucha, or oratory, by the riverside. Paul wrote to the Philippians from prison. 2:6-11), which seemed to have a developed Christology. 30Cf. He then points out that he would have a greater claim to boast in the flesh than they since he had the proper Jewish credentials (3:3-6). It is outstanding as the NT letter of joy; the word “joy” in its various forms occurs some 16 times.

It should also be noted that there are two arguments against Ephesus as the point of origin. Apart from F. C. Baur’s skepticism and a few scholars who followed in his train in the nineteenth century,1 Philippians has been unassailed. The perseverance of the saints and the perseverance of God are thus plainly seen in this opening section. Now Paul launches into a diatribe against the Judaizers, since he had gotten wind of their increased activity (3:1–4:1). All of the peculiarities of sequence of thought are comprehensible without assuming editorial work or interpolations, A. A colony was in fact a portion of Rome itself transplanted to the provinces, an offshoot from Rome, and as it were a portrait of the mother city on a small scale [AULUS GELLIUS, Attic Nights, 16.13]. Special Pauline vocabulary appears throughout Philippians, b.

There is much personal information about Paul in the epistle. The fact that Paul was in prison when he wrote (Phil. He mentioned them by name in Phil 4:1-2.

In 2003, he earned his Juris Doctorate, magna cum laude, from Capital University Law School, where he received the Order of the Curia. The incidental allusions also establish his authorship. Several Fundamental Factors Must Be Considered in the Choice of a Place of Writing:15, 1. During his stay at Corinth, the Philippian church again sent him aid (cf.

Doubtless he visited it again on his journey from Ephesus into Macedonia ( Acts 20:1 Acts 20:3 Acts 20:6 Greece (Corinth) to Syria by way of Macedonia. Jesus humbled himself in his incarnation and death, 2. A woman was the first convert in Europe (Lydia). The book of Philippians is therefore more characteristically Gentile. Further, Lydia was apparently one of the first converts, yet she herself was not Jewish (as Luke’s non-technical generic phrase for Gentile worshiper, “worshiper of God” implies). He appeals to them on the basis of membership in the body of Christ (2:1-4), reminding them that selfishness hurts everyone. All rights reserved. 1:25; 2:24), the letter must almost surely have been written toward the end of his stay. No doctrinal error, or schism, has as yet sprung up; the only blemish hinted at is, that some of the Philippian Church were somewhat wanting in lowliness of mind, the result of which want was disputation. The apostle Paul wrote this letter to the Christians in Philippi, probably from Rome c. a.d. 62. Since we have placed the writing of this epistle within Paul’s (first) Roman imprisonment, it must be dated during his two-year tenure. 1 Much of what follows is developed from Gerald F. Hawthorne, Philippians, Word Biblical Commentary, pp. 1:13). This fits well with the account of Paul’s house arrest in Ac 28:14–31. Further, there is no hint as to whether they ever were part of the church or are now attempting to infiltrate it. But Epaphroditus came with more than money: he also had questions for the apostle about the church’s opponents, and the members’ own poverty (cf. Gal.

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