Then Adab was defeated (ms. TL has instead: destroyed) and the kingship was taken to Mari. In Symbolae biblicae et mesopotamicae: Francisco Mario Theodoro de Liagre Böhl dedicatae, ed.
Men-nuna, (ms. L1+N1 adds:) the son of Tuge (? . L1+N1, TL have:) 90 years. 1 king; she ruled for 100 years. 267–92. Hallo, William W. "Beginning and End of the Sumerian King List in the Nippur Recension", Thomas Jacobs, The Sumerian King List, UGent paper, GONO department. When first discovered and published in the beginning of the last century, the Sumerian King List was valued highly as a historical document for its potential to check the validity of the biblical chronology in the Book of Genesis and to reconstruct early world and Mesopotamian (political) history. 11 kings; they ruled for 181 years (ms. S has instead: 12 kings; they ruled for (ms. S has:) 197 years) (mss. and Old Babylonian period (ca. 1983. Lugal-ure (ms. P3+BT14 has instead: Lugal-kinice-dudu (?))
This political doctrine is believed to have been employed by the early rulers of the Isin dynasty (ca. M. A. Beak, 271–80. The Flood motif and the antediluvian section, not attested as part of the Ur III version of the Sumerian King List, only began to emerge in some versions or recentions of the King List since the Old Babylonian period.
Ur-Ninurta (mss. 95-133In E-ana, Mec-ki-aj-gacer, the son of Utu, became lord and king; he ruled for 324 (ms. P2+L2 has instead: 325) years. Erra-imitti ruled for 8 (mss. None of the following predynastic antediluvian rulers have been verified as historical by archaeological excavations, epigraphical inscriptions or otherwise. Etana, the shepherd, who ascended to heaven and consolidated all the foreign countries, became king; he ruled for 1500 (ms. P2+L2 has instead: 635) years. Michalowski, Piotr. A total of 12 kings ruled for 396 years, 3 times in Urim. The later Babylonian king lists and Assyrian king lists repeated the earliest portions of the list, thus preserving them well into the 3rd century BC.  The tablet was inscribed during the reign of the Babylonian King Samsu-iluna, or slightly earlier, with the earliest date of 1712 BC. George, Andrew. In this way the rulers of the city of Isin legitimised themselves as the rightful successors of … More often it occurs as an inde-pendent list, of which one example is held by the Schøyen collection, published here as text No. "Sumero-Babylonian King Lists and Date List." In Zimbir, En-men-dur-ana became king; he ruled for 21000 years. 290 B.C.). In 5 cities 8 kings; they ruled for 241200 years.
"History as Charter Some Observations on the Sumerian King List". 8 kings; they ruled for 3195 (ms. L1+N1 has instead: 3792) years. 1 king; he ruled for 21000 years.  WB 444, in contrast, is a unique inscribed vertical prism, dated c. 1817 BC, although some scholars prefer c. 1827 BC. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag. Then Kic was defeated and the kingship was taken to E-ana. 341-354In Urim, Ur-Namma became king; he ruled for 18 years. said to have conquered parts of Sumer; then, the only known woman in the King List; said to have gained independence from, conflicting dates (427 years / 26 years / 7 years). RLA 6: 77–86. "Königslisten und Chroniken." IB, L1+N1, S, Su1 have:) 20 years. The Sumerian King List is an ancient stone tablet originally recorded in the Sumerian language, listing kings of Sumer (ancient southern Iraq) from Sumerian and neighboring dynasties, their supposed reign lengths, and the locations of the kingship.Kingship was seen as handed down by the gods and could be transferred from one city to another, reflecting perceived hegemony in the region. Fi, Go, P6, and WB 62 were not used; if not specified by a note, numerical data come from ms. Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 1953–1730 B.C.) Irarum ruled for 2 years. Mec-he, the smith, ruled for 36 years. Dumuzid, the shepherd, ruled for 36000 years. "A New Nippur Duplicate of the Sumerian Kinglist in the Brockmon Collection, University of Haifa." In 1960, the Apkullu-list (Tablet No. London: Luzac & Co. Klein, Jacob. Ibate ruled for 3 years. as an important ideological tool to legitimise themselves as the rightful successors of the Ur III rulers. It lists rulers from the antediluvian dynasties to Suen-magir, the fourteenth ruler of the Isin dynasty (ca. In Curuppag, Ubara-Tutu became king; he ruled for 18600 years.
Young, Dwight W. "The Incredible Regnal Spans of Kish I in the Sumerian King List", This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 13:41. to legitimise themselves as the rightful rulers of the Ur III dynasty (ca. 96. ruled for 3) years. Amar-Suena, the son of Culgi, ruled for 9 (ms. Su3+Su4 has instead: 25) years. 1 king; he ruled for 25 (ms. P3+BT14 has instead: 34) years. Kalbum, the son of Mamagal (ms. WB has instead: Magalgal), ruled for 195 (ms. L1+N1 has instead: 132) years. RA 31: 147–66. ), the son of Anbu (? Zarlagab ruled for 6 years. L1+N1, P2+L2, P3+BT14 have:) 25 years. Bazi, the leatherworker, ruled for 30 years.
In Literatur, Politic und Recht in Mesopotamien: Festschrift für Claus Wilcke, ed. 259-265In Unug, Lugal-zage-si became king; he ruled for 25 (ms. P3+BT14 has instead: 34) years. Geerts. Sumerian and Semitic Religious and Historical Texts. (ms. IB has:) 3 kings; they ruled for (ms. IB has:) 582 (ms. TL has instead: 578) years. years. A Remarkable Collection of Babylonian Mathematical Text: Manuscripts in the Schøyen Collection Cuneiform. Ur-Zababa, the son of Puzur-Suen, ruled for 400 (mss. 2119–2004 B.C.) 23 kings; they ruled for 24510 years, 3 months, and 3 1/2 days. (in mss. L1+N1, S, TL have:) 99 (ms. Su1 has instead: 116) years (ms. IB has instead: 5 kings; they ruled for (ms. IB has:) 87 years). L1+N1, TL have:) 90 years.
Mec-ki-aj-Nanna (ms. P2+L2 has instead: Mec-ki-aj-nuna), the son of Mec-Ane-pada, became king; he ruled for 36 (ms. P2+L2 has instead: 30) years. Then Akcak was defeated (ms. S has instead: Then the reign of Akcak was abolished) and the kingship was taken to Kic. En-tarah-ana ruled for (ms. P2+L2 has:) 420 years ......, 3 months, and 3 1/2 days. _.
Barsal-nuna, the son of En-me-nuna, (mss. 1995. Most noteworthy is that after the Ur III period the primeval flood catastrophe emerged as a watershed on the chronological timeline, dividing world history into the antediluvian era and the postdiluvian era.
Urur ruled for (ms. IB has instead: was king (?) , The final attested version of the King List, dating to the Middle Bronze Age, aimed to legitimize Isin's claims to hegemony when Isin competed for dominance with Larsa and other neighboring city-states in southern Mesopotamia. Melem-Kic, the son of En-me-nuna, ruled for 900 years. Glassner, Jean-Jacques. Iltasadum ruled for 1200 years. (ms. P3+BT14 adds:) 1560 are the years of the dynasty of En-me-nuna . As the King List reaches historical rulers whose reigns are attested by their royal inscriptions, the length of each reign becomes more realistic.
1953–1730 B.C.) Zuqaqip ruled for 900 (ms. Su1 has instead: 600) years. Hallo, W. W. 1963. ), ruled for 180 years. 1-39After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug. L1+N1, P2+L2 have:) 4 kings; they ruled for (mss.
The H. Weld-Blundell Collection in the Ashmolean Museum, vol. Zambiya ruled for 3 years.
The Sumerian King List. (mss.
It is the oldest dated source, at c. 2000 BC, that contains the list. Especially, it is noted that the King List was composed to promulgate a political vision or doctrine that the pattern of kingship or hegemony in Mesopotamia could only be exercised by one city at a given time and for a limited period. 244-258In Kic, Puzur-Suen, the son of Kug-Bau, became king; he ruled for 25 years. Man-icticcu, the older brother of Rimuc, the son of Sargon, ruled for 15 (ms. L1+N1 has instead: 7) years. He appointed his gardener, Enlil-Bani, substitute king and then suddenly died.