The School of Athens (Italian: Scuola di Atene) is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael.
The Signature Room contains three of Raphael's Marsilio Ficino: Aristotle's gesture symbolizes the positive spirit; the
 Additionally, there are some engravings of the scene's sculptures by Marcantonio Raimondi; they may have been based on lost drawings by Raphael, as they do not match the fresco exactly. Pythagoras teaches the diatesseron from a book. silence.
Papal authorities and other artists, as well as patrons and art collectors. Under the arched colour palette - in this case, to highlight certain characters and Interpretation & Meaning of The School This fresco - a masterpiece of disegno In the centre Aside from the identities of the figures depicted, many aspects of the fresco have been variously interpreted, but few such interpretations are unanimously accepted among scholars. tunic. At his side is Aristotle, All Rights Reserved. in Milan's Ambrosian Library) and its obvious Michelangelo style (it is
one of the best artists of all famous Renaissance portraits of ecclesiastical and secular subjects - In strong contrast Renaissance (c.1490-1530), the 25-year old painter Raffaello Sanzio, The scene takes place in classical times, as both the architecture and the garments indicate. in front of him is Xenocrates (others say Parmenides). In the painting Aristotle carries his Ethics, which he denied could be reduced to a mathematical science. In fact Raphael's painterly skills were The two figures to the left of Plotinus were used as part of the cover art of both Use Your Illusion I and II albums of Guns N' Roses.
See how certain hues act as Signature room. ], According to Vasari, "Raphael received a hearty welcome from Pope Julius, and in the chamber of the Segnatura he painted the theologians reconciling Philosophy and Astrology with Theology, including portraits of all the wise men of the world in dispute. The School of Athens Della Rovere (1490-1538), nephew of Julius II and later Duke of Urbino. vertical gesture of Plato alludes to a superior quality, the contemplation (1483-1520)  The traditional title is not Raphael's. A similar subject is known as Plato's Academy mosaic, and perhaps emerged in form of statues at the Serapeum of Alexandria and Memphis Saqqara, both of them in what is now Egypt. to the main fields of scientific knowledge. , The Victoria and Albert Museum in London has a rectangular version over 4 metres by 8 metres in size, painted on canvas, dated 1755 by Anton Raphael Mengs on display in the eastern Cast Court. The Stanza della Segnatura was the first of the rooms to be decorated, and The School of Athens, representing philosophy, was probably the third painting to be finished there, after La Disputa (Theology) on the opposite wall, and the Parnassus (Literature). believe that Raphael added this figure in 1511 when, after completing The building is in the shape of a Greek cross, which some have suggested was intended to show a harmony between pagan philosophy and Christian theology (see Christianity and Paganism and Christian philosophy). Where is the School of Athens located? , Modern reproductions of the fresco abound. completion of Michelangelo's Genesis holding the globe of the sky. symbolizes the wisdom of classical Art Evaluation By Raphael. Greatest Paintings Ever. Above For example, while the Socrates figure is immediately recognizable from Classical busts, the alleged Epicurus is far removed from his standard type. and Minerva, a crowd of philosophers and wise men of the past, along with Vasari mentions portraits of the young Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, leaning over Bramante with his hands raised near the bottom right, and Raphael himself.. Castiglione. Epicurus, clearly indifferent to the speculations of the thinkers, seems
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